Surgical operations for the control of clinically severe obesity are based on one or both of two principles. The first is restriction, whereby the amount of calories or food ingested is controlled by limiting space available. The second principle is malabsorption, whereby the absorption of food is controlled or reduced.
Since the advent of bariatric surgery in 1959, operations have been improved and modified again and again, undergoing many changes while overcoming a questionable early history. Early failures were associated with techniques which have since been abandoned, such as the jejunal-ileal bypass, simple gastric stapling, and the horizontal gastroplasty procedure. Surgeons have continued to modify and improve surgical procedures in view of the ineffectiveness of most non-surgical methods. Further enhancements are in process as new technologies and surgical methods become available.
Our nationally recognized bariatric surgeons perform three options for weight-loss surgery.
Missouri Bariatric Services is proud to offer Lap-Band® brand adjustable gastric band. It is an adjustable, restrictive surgical procedures. A silicone band is placed around the upper part of the stomach to create a small pouch and narrow passage into the larger remaining portion of the stomach.
For more information about Lap-Band® brand band, follow the link below:
The divided gastric bypass with Roux-en-Y gastro-jejunostomy consists of separating the stomach into two sections using parallel rows of titanium staples, with many of the staples additionally over-sewn or secured with sutures as needed. The staples remain fixed and do not migrate. The small upper segment connected to the esophagus remains the food-functional portion of the stomach, while the large lower segment connected to the duodenum, though still functional, does not deal with food eaten by the patient.
In the next phase, the surgeon disconnects the continuity of the small intestine (upper jejunum) and brings the lower end up to the small gastric pouch still connected with the esophagus. This section of the intestine is still functional. The intestine is connected to this small stomach pouch by means of an opening about the size of a dime. This allows food to pass directly into the intestine where it is digested. This is called a gastro-jejunostomy
When the small functioning upper stomach pouch is full (at first this will occur with only a nibble or two), patients experience a sense of fullness. In this way, and because the appetite will also be reduced, the intake of food is dramatically limited. This is what enables weight loss. What food is eaten is handled by the body quite well.
On average, patients will lose about 100 lbs. or up to two thirds of their excess weight in one year. Some people lose a little more, some a little less. Weight loss will continue during the second year at a less rapid rate.
As with any surgery, these procedures carry risks and possible side effects, but the amount of weight loss can be significant and dramatic.
Read more about possible complications and postoperative steps:
The vertical sleeve gastrectomy procedure generates weight loss by restricting the amount of food (and therefore calories) that can be eaten by removing 85% or more of the stomach without bypassing the intestines or causing any gastrointestinal malabsorption. It is a purely restrictive operation.
Please check with your insurance company if the vertical sleeve procedure is a covered benefit for you.
In most cases, a single weight loss surgery is sufficient to provide the desired results for adequate weight loss. However there are cases where patients have received previous bariatric surgery and significant weight gain or unanticipated adverse events are experienced.
Missouri Bariatric Services does accept revision surgery candidates on a case by case basis. Each revision case is reviewed by the Missouri Bariatric Services Clinical Committee, consisting of our surgical and medical team.
With the unique nature of revision surgery, criteria for candidacy depend on the individual circumstance of each patient. In order to qualify as a candidate for a revision surgery in our program, and to maximize your safety, a number of tests may be required prior to consideration. For patients who have experienced significant weight gain after surgery, participation in our Back-on-Track™ weight loss program may be required.
If you have received previous weight loss surgery, please complete the online form for consideration.